Vim li cas cov quav qaib yuav tsum tau muaj kev tu kom huv ua ntej siv?

Ua ntej tshaj, cov quav qaib cov quav tsis pom zoo rau cov organic chiv. Organic chiv yog hais txog cov quav cab, khoom qab zib, quav tsiaj nyeg, nceb pob zeb thiab lwm yam khoom nyoos los ntawm kev txiav tawm, ua kom lub cev zom thiab ua tiav ua cov chiv. Tsiaj cov quav yog tsuas yog ib qho ntawm cov ntaub ntawv raw khoom rau kev ua haujlwm ntawm cov organic chiv.

Txawm hais tias ntub lossis qhuav nqaij qaib cov quav tsis yog fermented, nws yuav yooj yim ua rau kev rhuav tshem cov tsev cog khoom, cog ntoo thiab lwm yam qoob loo nyiaj, ua rau muaj kev lag luam loj heev rau cov neeg ua liaj ua teb. Cia peb pib los ntawm saib cov kev pheej hmoo ntawm nqaij qaib nyoos, thiab vim li cas tib neeg thiaj xav tias cov nqaij qaib nyoos ua haujlwm zoo dua li lwm cov tsiaj quav? Thiab yuav ua li cas thiaj ua kom tag nrho kev siv cov quav qaib cov ntsiab lus kom raug thiab zoo?

Yim qhov kev puas tsuaj yooj yim tshwm sim los ntawm kev siv cov quav qaib hauv tsev ntsuab thiab orchards:

1. Hlawv cov cag ntoo, hlawv tsob ntoo thiab tua nroj tsuag

Tom qab siv cov quav qaib tsis ncaj, yog tias koj txhais tes muab tso rau hauv av, cov av yuav tsum muaj ntau dua. Thaum muaj mob loj, kev tuag ntawm flake lossis puv nplooj yuav ncua ua liaj ua teb thiab yuav ua rau poob peev nyiaj thiab noob nqis peev.

Tshwj xeeb, daim ntawv thov ntawm cov quav qaib rau lub caij ntuj no thiab lub caij nplooj ntoo hlav muaj qhov muaj peev xwm tshaj plaws ntawm kev nyab xeeb, vim hais tias lub sijhawm no, qhov kub nyob sab hauv tsev cog khoom yog qhov siab, thiab lub fermentation ntawm nqaij qaib quav yuav xa tawm ntau ntawm cov cua sov, ua rau hauv paus hlawv Cov. Nqaij qaib tau siv nyob rau hauv lub orchard nyob rau lub caij ntuj no thiab caij nplooj ntoo hlav, nws tsuas yog nyob rau lub sijhawm ntawm hauv paus dormancy. Thaum lub hauv paus hlawv, nws yuav cuam tshuam cov khoom noj khoom haus kom zoo thiab tawg paj thiab txi txiv nyob rau xyoo yuav los no.

2. Ua haujlwm ntawm cov av , txo cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo kom ntau ntxiv

Kev siv cov qaib quav txuas ntxiv tau tso cov tshuaj sodium chloride ntau rau hauv av, nrog thaj tsam li 30-40 kg ntawm ntsev rau 6 square metres ntawm nqaij qaib quav, thiab 10 phaus ntsev rau ib evkawj tau txwv hnyav av permeability thiab kev ua ub no Cov. Lub cev muaj zog phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, calcium, magnesium, zinc, hlau, boron, manganese thiab lwm yam tseem ceeb, uas ua rau cov nroj tsuag txawv txav, tawg paj paj thiab cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo ntau lawm, txwv tsis pub muaj kev txhim kho ntawm cov qoob loo thiab zoo.

Raws li qhov tshwm sim, kev siv chiv tau txo qis ib xyoos los ntawm xyoo thiab cov nqi tswv yim nce los ntawm 50-100%

3. Acidify av thiab induce ntau rhizosphere kab mob thiab kis kab mob

Vim tias pH ntawm nqaij qaib quav yog li ntawm 4, nws yog acidic heev thiab yuav ua rau cov av hauv av, ua rau muaj tshuaj lom neeg lub cev thiab mob hnyav rau cov qia thiab cov hauv paus hniav, muab ntau cov kab mob nqa los ntawm nqaij qaib quav, mob av. -yog cov kab mob, kab mob thiab muab txoj hauv kev rau nkag thiab kis kab mob, thaum cov av noo thiab kub ncav cuag tus kab mob yuav tshwm sim.

Kev siv cov khoom tsis tiav fermentation nqaij qaib quav, yooj yim los ua rau tsob nroj ziab, daj daj tuag, atrophy nres loj hlob, tsis muaj paj thiab txiv hmab txiv ntoo, thiab txawm tuag; Tus kab mob kis tus kab mob, kab mob sib kis, cov ceg tsis huv, lub hauv paus chiv thiab kab mob vau yog qhov pom tseeb tshaj plaws ntawm kev siv quav qaib.

4.Txawm kab cauj nematode nkag

Nqaij qaib ua plaub yog cov chaw pw thiab chaw yug tsiaj rau cov hauv paus hniav. Tus naj npawb ntawm cov hauv paus-pob cyuam nematode qe yog 100 ib 1000 grams. Cov qe hauv cov quav qaib yog ib qho yooj yim daug thiab ncau mus txog ntau txhiab tus thaum hmo ntuj.

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Nematodes tsis tshua muaj siab rau cov neeg siv tshuaj lom neeg, thiab lawv maj nrawm mus rau qhov tob ntawm 50 cm mus rau 1.5 m, ua rau lawv nyuaj kho. Lub hauv paus-pob qhov ntswg yog ib qho txaus ntshai tshaj plaws tshwj xeeb tshaj yog rau cov tso dej qub dua li 3 xyoos.

5. Nqa cov tshuaj tua kab mob, cuam tshuam rau kev nyab xeeb ntawm cov khoom lag luam

Nqaij qaib pub muaj ntau cov tshuaj hormones, thiab tseem ntxiv cov tshuaj tua kab mob los tiv thaiv kab mob, cov no yuav raug nqa mus rau hauv av los ntawm nqaij qaib, cuam tshuam rau kev nyab xeeb ntawm cov khoom ua liaj ua teb

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6. Ua cov pa roj tsis zoo, cuam tshuam rau kev cog qoob loo, tua yub

Nqaij qaib tso rau hauv cov txheej txheem zom kom tau cov pa roj, ammonia roj thiab lwm cov pa phem, kom cov av thiab cov qoob loo tsim cov kua qaub ua rau muaj kev puas tsuaj thiab cov hauv paus kev puas tsuaj, loj dua yog kev tsim cov roj ntsha ethylene inhibition ntawm cov hauv paus kev loj hlob, uas tseem yog lub hauv paus ntsiab lus rau hlawv cov hauv paus hniav.

7. Txuas ntxiv siv cov quav qaib, ua rau tsis muaj oxygen nyob rau hauv hauv paus

Kev siv cov quav qaib txuas ntxiv ua rau tsis muaj pa oxygen hauv lub hauv paus thiab muaj kev loj hlob tsis zoo. Thaum cov quav qaib yog siv rau hauv av, nws noj cov pa oxygen hauv cov av thaum lub sijhawm ua kom zoo, ua rau cov av ib ntus nyob rau hauv lub xeev ntawm hypoxia, uas yuav inhibit kev loj hlob ntawm cov qoob loo.

8. Cov hlau hnyav tshaj li tus qauv

Nqaij qaib ua muaj cov pa hnyav xws li tooj liab, mercury, chromium, cadmium, hmoov txhuas thiab arsenic, nrog rau ntau cov tshuaj hormones ntau, uas ua rau cov khoom lag luam hnyav dhau heev hauv cov khoom ua liaj ua teb, ua paug dej hauv av thiab av, siv sijhawm ntev rau cov organic teeb meem los hloov pauv mus rau humus, thiab ua rau cov zaub mov tsis zoo.

Vim li cas cov av fertility zoo li tshwj xeeb ntau los ntawm kev thov nqaij qaib quav?

Qhov no yog vim tias cov nqaij qaib hauv cov hnyuv muaj qhov ncaj, tso tawm thiab tso zis ua ke, yog li cov organic muaj nyob rau hauv cov quav qaib, ntau dua 60% ntawm cov organic yog nyob rau hauv daim ntawv ntawm uric acid, uric acid decomposition muab ntau ntawm nitrogen cov ntsiab lus, 500 kg ntawm quav qaib yog qhov sib npaug ntawm 76.5 kg ntawm urea, saum npoo zoo li cov qoob loo loj hlob zoo ib txwm muaj zog. Yog tias qhov xwm txheej zoo li no tshwm sim hauv cov tsho lossis txiv hmab txiv ntoo txiv ntoo, nws tuaj yeem tsim cov kab mob kev mob ntawm lub cev.

Qhov no yog qhov tseem ceeb vim yog qhov kev tawm tsam ntawm nitrogen thiab kab kawm thiab qhov ntau ntawm urea, uas yuav ua rau lub cev nqus ntawm ntau cov nruab nrab thiab kab kawm los cuam tshuam, uas ua rau nplooj daj, hnoos qeev, txiv hmab txiv ntoo tawg thiab kab mob ko taw.

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Koj puas tau ntsib dua qhov xwm txheej ntawm hlawv cov yub lossis cov cag ntoo hauv koj cov orchards lossis vaj zaub?

Cov cuab yeej ua qoob loo tau thov ntau, tab sis cov txiaj ntsig thiab kev ua tau zoo tsis tuaj yeem hloov kho. Puas muaj tej yam tsis zoo? xws li kev tuag ntawm ib nrab ntawm qhov ntev, av ua kom tawv, quav tawv hnyav, thiab lwm yam. Cov quav qaib yuav tsum tau mus ncig ntawm kev kho thiab ua kom tsis muaj mob ua ntej nws tuaj yeem siv rau hauv av!

Meej pem thiab zoo siv ntawm quav qaib

Nqaij qaib ua chiv yog qhov khoom siv zoo ntawm cov organic chiv, uas muaj li 1.63% nitrogen ntshiab, li 1.54% P2O5 thiab li 0.085% poov tshuaj. Nws tuaj yeem lis mus rau hauv cov organic chiv los ntawm cov neeg ua haujlwm siv cov organic chiv khoom. Tom qab cov txheej txheem fermentation, cov kab tsis zoo thiab cov noob nroj yuav tshem tawm nrog qhov nce thiab poob ntawm qhov kub. Cov kab ntau lawm ntawm cov quav qaib cov ntsiab lus suav nrog kev ua kom lub cev → tsoo → sib xyaw cov khoom xyaw → kev faib khoom → kom qhuav → txias → ntsuas → ntsuas ering ntsuas thiab khi → khaws cov khoom tiav.

Flow chart ntawm cov organic chiv ntau lawm txheej txheem

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Cov txheej txheem ntws tawm ntawm cov organic chiv nrog cov zis txhua xyoo ntawm 30,000 tons

 

Yooj yim kev tsim kho ntawm cov organic chiv kab

1. Plaub lub taub tso tsheb hlau luam yuav tsum tsim rau hauv thaj chaw raw khoom, txhua 40m ntev, 3m dav thiab 1.2m dee-p, nrog thaj tsam ntawm 700 square metres;

2. Cov khoom siv raw khoom yuav tsum npaj 320m lub teeb ciav hlau;

3. Thaj chaw ntau lawm npog thaj tsam ntawm 1400 square metres;

4. 3 tus neeg ua haujlwm tsim khoom yuav tsum ua rau thaj chaw raw khoom, thiab 20 tus neeg ua haujlwm yuav tsum tau ua hauv thaj chaw tsim khoom;

5. Qhov chaw nyoos xav tau yuav ib qho 3-tuj forklift tsheb.

 

Cov cuab yeej tseem ceeb ntawm cov nqaij qaib quav cov kab ntau lawm :

1. Thaum ntxov-theem fermentation khoom ntawm nqaij qaib quav: zawj tso quav tshuab tshuab, tus ntoo khaub noom nplooj lwg xyaw tshuab, tus kheej kheej chiv zaub pob khawm tshuab, saw phaj txaij turner tshuab

2. Kev tsoo khoom: semi-ntub cov ntaub ntawv crusher, saw hlau, ntsug crusher

3. Cov khoom siv sib xyaw ua ke: kab rov tav tov, disc tov khoom

4. Cov khoom siv tshuaj ntsuam xyuas suav nrog tshuab kuaj teb thiab vibrating tshuaj ntsuam tshuab

5. Cov khoom siv granulator: agitating granulator, disc granulator, extrusion granulator, nruas teb granulator thiab round-shaping tshuab

6. Cov khoom siv kom qhuav: nruas teb tshuab ziab khaub ncaws

7. Cov khoom siv txias txias tshuab: tshuab cua txias teb

8. Cov khoom siv ua ntxiv: kev txiav txim siab pub mis, nqaij qaib nqus dej lub cev, lub tshuab txheej, hmoov av sau, tsis siv neeg ntau lub tshuab ntim

9. Cov khoom siv Conveyor: siv hlua conveyor, txhawb nqa lub thoob.

 

General organic chiv ntau lawm cov txheej txheem tsim muaj:

1. Siv tshuab thev naus laus zis ntawm hom kab mob sib txawv thiab cov kab mob cog qoob loo tshaj tawm.

2.Advanced khoom npaj technology thiab txheeb raws roj ntsha system.

3. Qhov zoo tshaj plaws siv cov tshuab mis tshwj xeeb zoo tshaj plaws (qhov zoo tshaj plaws ntawm cov khoom siv mis tuaj yeem tsim tau yooj yim raws li cov av hauv av thiab cov qoob loo).

4. Kev tswj kev siv tshuab tsim nyog ntawm cov pa phem thib ob (khib nyiab roj thiab tsw).

5. Kev ua cov txheej txheem tsim thiab kev tsim khoom siv ntawm chiv ntau lawm kab.

 

Teeb meem xav tau kev saib xyuas hauv kev tsim cov quav qaib

Cov ntaub ntawv raw:

Cov khoom txig ntawm cov ntaub ntawv tseem ceeb heev rau txheej txheem ntau lawm ntawm cov organic chiv. Raws li kev paub dhau los, qhov zoo ntawm tag nrho cov khoom siv raw yuav tsum sib phim nrog cov hauv qab no: 100-60 cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov khoom siv raw li 30-40%, 60 cov ntsiab lus txog kwv yees li 1.00 hli thaj tsam ntawm cov khoom siv raw txog li 35%, thiab kwv yees li 25% -30% ntawm txoj kab uas hla ntawm 1.00-2.00 hli. Txawm li cas los xij, hauv cov txheej txheem ntau lawm, kev faib tawm ntau dhau ntawm cov khoom zoo tiav yuav ua rau muaj teeb meem xws li cov khoom loj dhau thiab cov khoom tsis xwm yeem vim muaj viscosity zoo dhau.

Tus Quav Loj Tus Quav Qaib Chiv Fermentation

Nqaij qaib yuav tsum tau ua kom tiav ua ntej thov. Cov cab nyob rau hauv cov quav qaib thiab lawv cov qe, thiab qee yam kab mob kis tau, yuav tsis ua dab tsi los ntawm cov txheej txheem ntawm cov lwj (fermentation). Tom qab tag nrho rotting, nqaij qaib quav yuav dhau los ua cov qib high-zoo yooj yim fertilizer.

1. Kev Loj Hlob

Nyob rau tib lub sijhawm nrog peb yam kev mob no, koj tuaj yeem txiav txim siab txog nqaij qaib quav tau cia li muaj fermented.

1. Yeej tsis hnov ​​ntxhiab tsw phem; 2. Dawb hyphae; 3. Cov qaib qaib tso rau hauv lub xeev xoob.

Lub sijhawm fermenting feem ntau kwv yees li 3 lub hlis nyob rau hauv ntuj tsim, uas yuav ua tau nrawm heev yog tias cov khoom siv fermenting ntxiv. Nyob ntawm qhov ntsuas kub nyab xeeb, 20-30 hnub feem ntau xav tau, thiab 7-10 hnub tuaj yeem ua tiav raws li kev tsim khoom hauv lub Hoobkas.

2. Vaum

Cov ntsiab lus dej yuav tsum tau kho ua ntej nqaij qaib quav ua kua. Hauv kev siv kev zom cov organic chiv, cov haum ntawm cov dej cov ntsiab lus tseem ceeb heev. Vim tias tus neeg sawv cev rotting muaj tag nrho cov kab mob nyob, yog tias qhuav dhau los yog ntub dhau yuav cuam tshuam cov fermentation ntawm cov kab mob me me, feem ntau yuav tsum khaws cia thaum 60 ~ 65%.


Sijhawm Tshaj Tawm: Lub Yim Hli-18-2021