Siv cov tsiaj txhu pov tseg los tsim ua cov organic organic chiv

Use livestock waste to produce biological organic fertilizer (1)

Kev kho mob tsim nyog thiab kev siv tsiaj quav tsiaj muaj peev xwm ua rau muaj nyiaj ntau rau cov neeg ua liaj ua teb feem ntau, tab sis kuj tseem yuav tau ua kom zoo dua tuaj txog kev txhim kho lawv tus kheej kev lag luam.

Use livestock waste to produce biological organic fertilizer (3)

 

Txheeb raws roj ntsha organic yog ib hom chiv nrog cov haujlwm ntawm cov kab mob me me thiab cov organic chiv, uas yog muab tau los ntawm cov tsiaj thiab nroj tsuag (xws li cov tsiaj nyeg quav, cov quav qoob, thiab lwm yam) thiab yog tsim los ntawm kev kho tsis huv.

Qhov no txiav txim siab tias kev tu tsiaj organic muaj ob feem: (1) kev ua haujlwm ntawm cov kab mob me me. (2) kho cov organic pov tseg.

(1) Cov haujlwm tshwj xeeb ua haujlwm microorganism

Cov kab mob ua haujlwm tshwj xeeb hauv kev ua liaj ua teb organic chiv feem ntau hais txog cov kab mob me me, suav nrog cov kab mob sib txawv, cov kab mob hu ua fungi thiab actinomycetes, uas tuaj yeem txhawb kev hloov pauv ntawm cov av hauv lub cev thiab kev loj hlob ntawm cov qoob loo tom qab thov rau av. Cov haujlwm tshwj xeeb tuaj yeem muab faib raws li hauv qab no:

1.Ntrogen-kho cov kab mob: (1) symbiotic nitrogen-kho cov kab mob: feem ntau hais txog cov qoob loo leguminous rhizobia xws li: rhizobia, nitrogen-kho cov rhizobia, mob ntsws ammonia-kho rhizobia seedlings, thiab lwm yam.; Cov qoob loo tsis-leguminous cov kab mob nitrogen-kho cov kab mob xws li Franklinella, Cyanobacteria, lawv cov tshuaj tiv thaiv nitrogen kho tau zoo dua. Bacteria Cov kab mob nitrogen-kho tau cov kab mob zoo: xws li cov kab mob xim av ua kom muaj cov nitrogen-kho cov kab mob, cov kab mob duab kab mob, thiab lwm yam. , xws li Pseudomonas genus, lipogenic nitrogen-kho cov kab mob helicobacteria, thiab lwm yam.

2.Phosphorus yaj (ua kom cov hmoov av): Bacillus (xws li Bacillus megacephalus, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus humilus, thiab lwm yam), Pseudomonas (xws li Pseudomonas fluorescens), Nitrogen-tsau cov kab mob, Rhizobium, Thiobacillus thiooxidans, Penicillium, Penicillium, Penicillium , Streptomyces, thiab lwm yam.

Use livestock waste to produce biological organic fertilizer (2)

3.Dololved (yaj) yajthem kab mob: cov kab mob silicate (xws li colloid Bacillus, colloid Bacillus, cyclosporillus), cov kab mob poov tshuaj tsis muaj silicate.

4.Antibiotics: Trichoderma (xws li Trichoderma harzianum), actinomycetes (xws li Streptomyces flatus, Streptomyces sp. Sp.), Pseudomonas fluorescens, Bacillus polymyxa, Bacillus subtilis ntau yam, thiab lwm yam.

5.Rhizosphere kev loj hlob-txhawb nqa cov kab mob thiab cov nroj tsuag kev loj hlob-txhawb nqa hu ua fungi.

6.Txoj kab platform: ntau hom ntawm cov genus Pseudomonas gracilis thiab ntau hom genus Pseudomonas gracilis. Cov hom no yog cov kab mob aerobic uas muaj peev xwm tuaj yeem loj hlob nyob rau hauv qhov muaj cov hydrogen thiab yog qhov tsim nyog rau kev tsim cov khoom siv kab mob organic.

7.Insect-resistant thiab ntau lawm kab mob: Beauveria bassiana, Metarhizium anisopliae, Phylloidase, Cordyceps thiab Bacillus.

8. Cov kab mob ua rau cellulose ploj: thermophilic lateral spora, Trichoderma, Mucor, thiab lwm yam.

9.Ob lwm cov kab mob me me: tom qab cov kab mob me me nkag mus rau hauv av, lawv tuaj yeem muab cov khoom pov hwm lub cev kom muaj zog txaus los txhawb thiab tswj kev loj hlob ntawm cov nroj tsuag. Qee tus ntawm lawv muaj kev ua kom huv thiab decomposition rau cov co toxins av, xws li cov poov xab thiab cov kab mob lactic acid.

2) Cov khoom siv organic ua tau los ntawm cov tsiaj seem uas tau ua kom zoo. Cov khoom siv organic tsis muaj fermentation, tsis tuaj yeem siv ncaj qha los ua chiv, kuj tsis tuaj yeem rau hauv khw.

Txhawm rau ua kom cov kab mob ua tiav sib txuas nrog cov khoom siv kom ua tiav thiab ua tiav cov khoom noj kom huv, nws tuaj yeem ua kom sib tov los ntawm compost tig tshuab raws li hauv qab no:

Use livestock waste to produce biological organic fertilizer (4)

Feem ntau siv cov ntaub ntawv organic

(1) Tsuav: nqaij qaib, npua, nyuj, yaj, nees thiab lwm yam tsiaj quav tsiaj.

(2) Quav nplej: pob kws straw, straw, nplej pob kws, nplej kua qaub thiab lwm hom qoob loo.

(3) husk thiab xua. Cov txhuv husk hmoov, txiv laum huab xeeb hmoov, txiv laum huab xeeb cov hmoov txhuv, nplej txhuv, fungus ceg thiab lwm yam.

(4) dregs: cov tshuab hluav taws xob, cov kua ntses, kua txiv daw, kua qaub dej, cov khoom ua kom tawv nqaij, xylose dregs, enzyme dregs, qej dregs, qab zib dregs, thiab lwm yam.

(5) ncuav mov qab zib. Soybean ncuav mog qab zib, kua khaub noom, roj, ncuav mog qab zib rapeseed, thiab lwm yam.

(6) Lwm cov av hauv tsev, lim av cov suab thaj ua kom zoo dua, qab zib av, bagasse, thiab lwm yam.

Cov khoom siv raw li no tuaj yeem siv los ua cov khoom noj khoom haus ntu pub dawb rau zus tau tej cov kev tu tsiaj organic tom qab fermentation.

Use livestock waste to produce biological organic fertilizer (6)

Nrog cov kab mob tshwj xeeb thiab decomposed organic cov ntaub ntawv ob yam no muaj peev xwm ua tau cov roj ntsha ua liaj ua teb.

1) Txoj kev qhia ncaj qha ntxiv

1, xaiv cov kab mob tshwj xeeb microbial: tuaj yeem siv ua ib los yog ob hom, feem ntau tsis ntau tshaj peb hom, vim tias xaiv cov kab mob ntau dua, kev sib tw rau cov khoom noj ntawm ib leeg, ncaj qha ua rau kev sib nrig sib ntawm cov offset.

2. Kev suav ntawm cov nyiaj ntxiv: raws li tus txheej txheem NY884-2012 ntawm kev siv tshuaj lom neeg ua nyob rau Suav teb, tus naj npawb muaj txiaj ntsig ntawm cov kab mob ntawm kev ua neej ntawm cov organic bio yuav tsum txog 0.2 lab / g. Hauv ib tuj ntawm cov khoom siv organic, ntau dua 2 kg ntawm cov kab mob ua haujlwm tshwj xeeb nrog tus naj npawb ntawm cov kab mob nyob ≥10 billion / g yuav tsum tau ntxiv. Yog tias tus naj npawb ntawm cov kab mob muaj sia nyob yog 1 billion / g, ntau dua 20 kg yuav xav tau ntxiv, thiab lwm yam. Txawv tebchaws nyias yuav tsum tsim nyog ntxiv rau qhov sib txawv.

3. Ntxiv cov txheej txheem: Ntxiv cov kab mob ua haujlwm (hmoov) rau cov khoom siv fermented organic raws li cov txheej txheem tau hais hauv phau ntawv ua haujlwm, do tusyees thiab pob nws.

4. Qhov ceev faj: (1) Tsis txhob ziab rau qhov kub ntawm siab tshaj 100 ℃, txwv tsis pub nws yuav tua cov kab mob ua haujlwm. Yog tias nws tsim nyog yuav ua kom qhuav, nws yuav tsum tau ntxiv tom qab ziab. (2) Vim los ntawm ntau yam laj thawj, cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov kab mob hauv kev lom neeg organic chiv npaj los ntawm cov txheej txheem suav cov qauv feem ntau tsis nce mus rau cov ntaub ntawv zoo tagnrho, yog li nyob rau hauv cov txheej txheem kev npaj, cov kab mob me me muaj feem ntau ntxiv ntau dua 10% siab dua cov ntaub ntawv zoo Cov.

2) kev laus theem nrab thiab nthuav dav tus qauv

Piv nrog rau cov txheej txheem ntxiv ncaj qha, hom no muaj qhov zoo ntawm kev txuag tus nqi ntawm cov kab mob. Qhov nqes qis yog qhov kev sim xav tau los txiav txim siab cov microbes tshwj xeeb ntxiv rau, thaum ntxiv me ntsis ntxiv cov txheej txheem. Nws feem ntau pom zoo tias qhov nyiaj ntxiv yuav yog 20% ​​lossis siab dua ntawm txoj kev ncaj qha ntxiv thiab tau mus txog lub teb chaws cov organic biological chiv dhau los ntawm cov txheej txheem kev laus theem ob. Cov kauj ruam ua haujlwm yog raws li nram no:

 

1. Xaiv cov kab mob tshwj xeeb microbial (hmoov): tuaj yeem yog ib lossis ob hom, feem ntau tsis ntau tshaj peb hom, vim tias cov kab mob ntau xaiv, kev sib tw rau cov khoom noj sib txawv ntawm ib leeg, ncaj qha ua rau cov nyhuv ntawm cov kab mob sib txawv.

2. Kev suav ntawm cov nyiaj ntxiv: raws li tus qauv ntawm kev siv tshuaj lom neeg ua nyob rau Suav teb, cov neeg muaj txiaj ntsig ntawm cov kab mob ua kom muaj sia ntawm cov kab mob bio-organic yuav tsum nce txog 0.2 lab / g. Hauv ib tuj ntawm cov khoom siv organic, tus naj npawb ntawm cov kab mob nyob ≥10 billion / g ntawm cov haujlwm tshwj xeeb microbial (hmoov) yuav tsum tau ntxiv tsawg kawg 0.4 kg. Yog tias tus naj npawb ntawm cov kab mob muaj sia nyob yog 1 billion / g, ntau dua 4 kg yuav xav tau ntxiv, thiab lwm yam. Txawv teb chaws nyias yuav tsum ua raws cov qauv sib txawv kom tsim nyog ntxiv.

3. Ntxiv cov txheej txheem: cov kab mob ua haujlwm (hmoov) thiab cov ceg txhauv, txhuv husk hmoov, hmoov txhuv lossis lwm qhov ntawm kev sib xyaw, ncaj qha ntxiv rau cov khoom noj fermented organic, sib tov tusyees, teem rau 3-5 hnub los ua qhov tshwj xeeb cov kab mob ua haujlwm ntawm tus kheej.

4. Kev noo thiab kev tswj qhov kub thiab txias: thaum lub caij cov stack fermentation, lub ya raws thiab ntsuas kub yuav tsum tswj hwm raws li cov roj ntsha ua haujlwm ntawm cov kab mob ua haujlwm. Yog tias qhov kub dhau lawm, lub qhov siab tshaj yuav tsum raug txo kom tsawg.

5. Kev ua haujlwm ntawm cov kab mob tshwj xeeb cov ntsiab lus tshawb pom: tom qab qhov kawg ntawm kev tso, ua qauv thiab xa mus rau lub chaw haujlwm nrog microbial kuaj pom muaj peev xwm kuaj ua ntej seb cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov kab mob tshwj xeeb muaj peev xwm ua tau raws li tus qauv, yog tias nws tuaj yeem ua tiav, koj tuaj yeem ua kom cov organic lom. los ntawm cov qauv no. Yog tias qhov no ua tsis tiav, nce ntxiv qhov ntau ntxiv ntawm cov kab mob ua haujlwm tau txog 40% ntawm txoj kev ncaj qha ntxiv thiab rov ua qhov sim ua kom txog thaum ua tiav.

6. Ceev faj: Tsis txhob qhuav hauv qhov kub siab tshaj 100 ℃, txwv tsis pub nws yuav tua cov kab mob ua haujlwm. Yog tias nws tsim nyog yuav ua kom qhuav, nws yuav tsum tau ntxiv tom qab ziab.

Use livestock waste to produce biological organic fertilizer (5)

Hauv zus tau tej cov bio-organic chiv tom qab fermentation, feem ntau nws yog cov khoom siv hmoov, uas feem ntau ya nrog cua hauv lub caij qhuav, ua rau cov khoom poob thiab cov hmoov av tsis zoo. Yog li, txhawm rau txo cov hmoov av thiab tiv thaiv kom txhob noj,cov txheej txheem granulation feem ntau siv. Koj siv tau cov hniav granulator nplawm hauv daim duab saum toj no rau granulation, nws tuaj yeem siv rau humic acid, carbon dub, kaolin thiab lwm qhov nyuaj rau granulate cov ntaub ntawv nyoos.


Sijhawm Tshaj Tawm: Lub Yim Hli-18-2021