Rov ua dua ntawm cov khib nyiab pov tseg cov khib nyiab

Xyoo tsis ntev los no, nrog kev txhim kho kev cog qoob loo thev naus laus zis fungi, kev nthuav dav txuas ntxiv ntawm thaj chaw cog qoob loo thiab nce cov cog ntau hom, nceb tau dhau los ua cov nyiaj tseem ceeb hauv kev cog qoob loo. Hauv lub tshav pob nceb, cov zaub mov ntau ntau tsim txhua xyoo. Kev tsim tawm qhia tau hais tias 100kg ntawm kev yug tsiaj tuaj yeem sau tau 100kg cov nceb tshiab thiab tau txais 60kg ntawmnceb khib nyiab pov tseg tib lub sijhawm. Qhov pov tseg tsis tsuas yog ua rau cov kwj paug ib puag ncig, tab sis kuj tseem ua rau cov khoom pov tseg ntau. Tab sis kev siv cov nceb khib nyiab ua kom cov organic-organic yog nrov, uas tsis tsuas yog paub txog kev siv cov khoom pov tseg, tab sis tseem txhim kho cov av los ntawm kev thovmushroom residue bio-organic chiv.

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Cov khoom noj nceb yog cov nplua nuj nyob hauv cov zaub mov uas xav tau rau yub thiab kev loj hlob ntawm cov zaub thiab txiv hmab txiv ntoo. Tom qab fermentation, lawv tau los ua cov organic chiv, uas muaj qhov zoo zoo rau kev cog ntoo. Yog li, ua li cas cov pwm nce pwm tig cov khoom pov tseg mus rau hauv cov khoom muaj nqis?

Kev siv cov nceb ntses fermentation los ua cov organic chiv ua cov kauj ruam: 

1. Muab piv: 1kg tus neeg sawv cev microbial tuaj yeem sau 200kg ntawm cov khoom noj nceb. Cov khib nyiab pov tseg cov khoom seem yuav tsum tau muab sib tsoo ua ntej thiab tom qab ntawv. Diluted microbial agents thiab mushroom residue zoo sib xyaw thiab ua pawg. Txhawm rau kom ua tiav C / N piv, qee qhov urea, quav qaib, seem noob hnav lossis lwm yam khoom siv tau tuaj yeem muab ntxiv kom tsim nyog.

2. Kev tswj kev noo: tom qab sib tov cov nceb thiab cov khoom siv tusyees, muab tshuaj tsuag dej mus rau cov khoom pov tseg tusyees nrog lub taub dej thiab tig nws tas li kom txog thaum lub ya raws ntawm cov khoom nyoos yog li 50%. Tsawg noo noo yuav maj mam ua kom lub fermentation, noo noo siab yuav ua rau tsis zoo rau cov pawg.

3. Nplooj lwg tig: tig hla cov pawg tsis tu ncua. Cov kab mob sib xyaw ua ke tuaj yeem ua kom ncaj ncees thiab ua kom cov organic nyob hauv cov xwm txheej uas tsim nyog cov dej thiab cov pa oxygen, yog li ua kom muaj qhov kub thiab txias, tua cov kab mob thiab cov noob nroj, thiab ua kom cov organic mus txog lub xeev ruaj khov. 

4. Kev tswj xyuas qhov kub thiab txias: qhov zoo tshaj pib kub ntawm fermentation siab tshaj 15 ℃, fermentation tuaj yeem txog ib lim tiam. Hauv lub caij ntuj no qhov kub tsis txias thiab lub sijhawm fermentation ntev dua.

5. Fermentation tiav: xyuas xim ntawm nceb dreg pawg, nws yog lub teeb daj ua ntej fermentation, thiab xim av tsaus nti tom qab fermentation, thiab cov pawg muaj tsw tshiab tsw ua ntej fermentation. Kev tswj fwm hluav taws xob (EC) kuj tseem siv tau los txiav txim, feem ntau EC ua qis ua ntej kev rho tawm, thiab maj mam nce ntawm lub sijhawmtxheej txheem fermentation.

Siv cov nceb cog tom qab fermentation sim Suav cov zaub qhwv uas cog qhov chaw, cov txiaj ntsig pom tau tias cov organic ua los ntawm cov nceb seem yog qhov pab txhim kho Suav cov zaub qhwv lom neeg, xws li Suav cov zaub qhwv, cov nplooj ntev thiab cov nplooj dav yog qhov zoo dua li cov uas ib txwm muaj, thiab Suav cov qoob loo suav tau nce 11.2%, chlorophyll cov ntsiab lus nce 9.3%, cov ntsiab lus soluble qab zib nce 3.9%, cov khoom noj muaj txiaj ntsig zoo dua qub.

Yam dab tsi ntxiv uas yuav tsum tau muab coj los txiav txim ua ntej tsim teeb tsa xyoob ntoo organic cog?

Lub tsev bio-organic chiv cog xav tau cov kev xav dav dav ntawm cov peev txheej hauv cheeb tsam, kev ua lag luam muaj peev xwm thiab cov kev pab them nqi, thiab cov txiaj ntsig txhua xyoo feem ntau yog los ntawm 40,000 txog 300,000 tons. Kev tsim tawm txhua xyoo ntawm 10,000 txog 40,000 tons tsim nyog rau cov nroj tsuag me me, 50,000 txog 80,000 tons rau cov nroj tsuag nruab nrab thiab 90,000 txog 150,000 tons rau cov nroj tsuag loj. Cov ntsiab cai hauv qab no yuav tsum tau ua raws li: cov yam ntxwv ntawm cov khoom siv, cov av hauv thaj av, cov qoob loo loj, cov qauv ntoo, thaj chaw cov khoom, 

Yuav ua li cas hais txog tus nqi ntawm kev teeb tsa bio-organic chiv tsob nroj?

Cov kab mob me me rau cov organic chiv ua kab kev nqis peev yog qhov tsawg me me, vim tias txhua tus neeg siv cov khoom siv raw thiab cov kev cai tshwj xeeb ntawm cov txheej txheem ntau lawm thiab cov khoom siv sib txawv, yog li cov nqi tshwj xeeb yuav tsis muab rau ntawm no.

Ua tiav nceb residue bio-organic chiv ntau lawm kab feem ntau yog tsim ntawm cov txheej txheem ntau lawm thiab ntau yam khoom siv, cov nqi tshwj xeeb lossis nyob ntawm qhov xwm txheej tiag tiag, thiab siv cov nqi hauv av, cov nqi tsim khoom thiab kev muag khoom thiab cov nqi tswj yuav tsum xav txog tib lub sijhawm Cov. Ntev npaum li cov txheej txheem thiab cov khoom siv raug kom raug thiab qhov kev xaiv ntawm cov xa khoom zoo yog xaiv, lub hauv paus ruaj khov yog tso rau cov khoom txuas ntxiv thiab tau txais txiaj ntsig.

 


Sijhawm Tshaj Tawm: Lub Yim Hli-18-2021